Ketamine, or Special K, can treat depressive symptoms within 2 hours, with effects lasting for several days. However, the drug can have serious side effects, but a molecular cousin GLYX-13 lacks the side effects and has been found to achieve similar results. The difference between the chemical compositions of each molecule provides insight into the mechanisms of depression, and can lead to more effective anti-depressants.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), common treatments for depression, takes weeks to relieve symptoms for only 60-70 percent of adult patients.
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